1.Safed Musli (Chlorophytum borivilianum) is known to the ancient medical practioners of Ayurveda as a rejuvenating herb . It prescribed herb for increasing male potency and to fight fatigue. The roots of this herb have been found to strengthens the immune system by research, confirming the claims of Ayurveda.

Components of the herb Chlorophytum Borivilianum:

S.No. Component(s) Percentage
1. Carbohydrates and Protein 5-7
2. Saponin 10-20
3. Alkaloids 30
4. Polysaccaroids 40-45

Knowledge gained from research about the herb Chlorophytum Borivilianum:

Other Benefits of Chlorophytum borivilianum
Apart from its aphrodisiac property, Chlorophytum borivilianum has the following health benefit     

                       

                                      Chlorophytum borivilianum

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2. Jatamansi  (Nardostachys jatamansi)

Famous in ayurveda as an herb to combat the effects of day-to-day stress. It is found to be a Nervine rejuvenator (rejuvenative to majja dhatu) & increases body strength. Jatamansi has the power to promote awareness and calm the mind. it is a very useful herb for palpitation, tension, headaches, restlessness and is used for promoting awareness and strengthening the mind. It aids in balancing the body of all three Ayurvedic doshas. This herb's sedative properties increase awareness, as opposed to valerian that dulls the mind. The scientific literature contains primarily phytochemical and animal studies of the plant's activity on the nervous system.The rhizomes and roots of the plant have medicinal value and, therefore, have been the focus of chemical studies. They contain a variety of sesquiterpenes and coumarins. The sedative sesquiterpene valeranone, which also is found in valerian and other plants, is a major component of the root essential oil, at least in some samples.  Other terpenoids include spirojatamol,  nardostachysin,  jatamols A and B,  and calarenol.  Coumarins include jatamansin. Botanically, jatamamsi is known as Nardostachys jatamansi and it belongs to family Valerianaceae. A volatile essential oil 0.5%, resin, sugar, starch, bitter extractive matter and gum are obtained from the rhizome. The oil contains a ketone, jatamansone, which is the same as valeranone. It also contains jatamansic acid and jatamansone semicarbazone. It lacks coumarins and contains jatamansone and lupeol. New sesquiterpene ketone – jatamansone isolated from rhizomes, malliene and calarene from oil; a new terpenic coumarin – jatamansin and oroselol from roots. A new dietheniod bicyclic ketone – nardostachone from roots.

         

Nardostachys jatamansi

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3. Jyotishmati (Celastrus paniculatus) also known as Malkanguni.

Jyotishmati is a large deciduous climbing shrub with long slender branches attaining a height of up to 18 meters, the bark reddish brown and covered in elongated white lenticels. The leaves are simple, ovate to obovate, leathery and smooth, alternately arranged on short petioles. The greenish-white flowers are borne in terminal drooping panicles giving rise to depressed-globose capsules, bright yellow and three-lobed, each containing three to six seeds enclosed in an orange-red aril. Jyotishmati contains the sesquiterpene esters malkanguniol, malkangunin, celapanine, and celapanigine, dihydroagarofuran sesquiterpenoids, the alkaloids celastrine and paniculatine, and a sesquiterpene polyol ester. Quinone-methide and phenolic triterpenoids isolated from the root bark have been identified as celastrol, pristimerin, zeylasterone and zeylasteral. The seeds contain a brownish yellow oil, with a higher proportion of acetic and benzoic acids in addition to other fatty acids, as well as a crystalline substance thought to be a tetracasanol and sterol (Yoganarasimhan 2000, 120; Kapoor 1990, 111; Gamlath et al 1990).

The aqueous extract of seeds of Celastrus paniculatus was investigated for its effect on cognitive functions in rats, at doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg/kg. Results indicated that the aqueous extract improved the performance of rats in a variety of learning and memory tests. Based on the association between behavioral impairments and oxidative stress, researchers investigated the effect of the aqueous extract on oxidative stress parameters, and among the three doses tested, only 200 and 300 mg/kg stimulated a significant decrease in the brain levels of malondialdehyde, with simultaneous significant increases in levels of glutathione and catalase (Kumar and Gupta 2002). Researchers investigated the effects of the seed oil of Celastrus paniculatus as a pharmaceutical aid for learning and memory, over a six day period in rats assessed by a navigational memory task. The daily adminstration of the oil by gavage equivalent to 50, 200, or 400 mg/kg for 14 days prior was found to completely reverse scopolamine-induced task performance deficit, whereas an acute treatment of a single injection prior to scopolamine treatment with a dose of the extract equal to 200 mg/kg had little effect. The researchers of this study suggest that when administered chronically, Celastrus paniculatus selectively reverses the impairment in spatial memory produced by acute central muscarinic receptor blockade, but is not related to an anticholinesterase-like action (Gattu et al 1997). The oil extracted from the seeds of Celastrus paniculatus was studied for its effect on learning and memory in a passive avoidance task studied in albino rats. The effects on the contents of norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) in the brain and on the levels of their metabolites both in the brain and urine were also assessed. A significant improvement was observed in the retention ability of the Celastrus-treated rats compared with the saline administered controls. The contents of NE, DA and 5-HT and their metabolites in the brain were significantly decreased in the Celastrus-treated group, indicating that the oil causes an overall decrease in the turnover of these monoamines (Nalini et al 1995).

Antioxidant: A methanolic extract of Celastrus paniculatus demonstrated a dose-dependent free radical scavenging capacity and a protective effect on DNA cleavage, confirmed by a significant protective effect on H2O2-induced cytoxicity and DNA damage in human non-immortalized fibroblasts (Russo et al 2001).

Antiinflammatory: A methanolic extract of the flowers of Celastrus paniculatus demonstrated analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities in the hot water tail immersion test in mice and carrageenan induced pedal edema in rats (Ahmad et al 1994).

   

                                Celastrus paniculatus

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4. Shankapushpi (Convolvulus Pluricaulis )

Shankhapushpi or Convolvulus pluricaulis is commonly mentioned in Ayurveda, an ancient system of Indian medicine, as a rasayana which is mainly advocated for use in mental stimulation and rejuvenation therapy. Little human research has been published in the Western medical literature regarding this plant. One study shows shankhpushpi to have anti-ulcer effects due to augmentation of mucosal defensive factors like mucin secretion and glycoproteins.

The whole herb is used medicinally in the form of decoction with cumin and milk in fever, nervous debility, loss of memory, also in syphilis, and scrofula. '. Shankhapushpi is used as a brain tonic. Is used as a tonic, alterative and febrifuge. It is a sovereign remedy in bowel complaints especially dysentery. The plant is reported to be a prominent memory improving drug. It is used as a psychostimulant and tranquilizer. It is reported to reduce mental tension. The ethanolic extract of the plant reduces total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids and nonesterfied fatty-acid.

It is a Perennial, prostate or sub-erect, spreading hairy herb, 10-30 cm long. Leaves simple, alternate, 1.5-7.0 * -0.3-0.8 cm, linear, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse or mucronate, subsessile, villous on both sides, base tapering.

 Its  chemical constituents include Microphyllic acid, Maltose, Kamepferol, N-hexacosanol, N-octacosanol, N, N-triacontanol, Shankhpushpine, Ceryl alcohol

       

                                            Convolvulus Pluricaulis

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5. Vacha (Acorus calamus), is a plant from the Acoraceae family, in the genus Acorus. It is a tall perennial wetland monocot with scented leaves and more strongly scented rhizomes, which have been used medicinally, for its odor, and as a psychotropic drug. Both triploid and tetraploid calamus contain asarone . Other phytochemicals include Beta-asarone Acorus calamus shows neuroprotective effect against stroke and chemical induced neurodegeneration in rat. Specifically, it has protective effect against acrylamide induced neurotoxicity.

Acorus calamus

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