Brahmi/Jal Brahmi/Jal Neem

Binomial Name: Bacopa Monnieri

Bacopa Monnieri is listed as a nootropic, a drug that enhances cognitive ability.  Laboratory studies on rats indicate that extracts of the plant improve memory capacity and motor learning ability. The sulfhydryl and polyphenol components of Bacopa Monnieri extract have also been shown to impact the oxidative stress cascade by scavenging reactive oxygen species, inhibiting lipoxygenase activity and reducing divalent metals. This mechanism of action may explain the effect of Bacopa Monnieri extract in reducing beta-amyloid deposits in mice with Alzheimer's disease.It is also used in Rebirthing therapy to accelerate trauma release and make continuous breathing easier. Bacopa Monnieri is a well known nootropic plant reported for its tranquilizing, sedative, cognitive enhancing, hepatoprotective and antioxidant action.

Bacopa Monnieri is a nervine tonic & acts as an anti-anxiety agent and is used in several neural disorders.

Neurochemical effects

Concentrated extract of Bacopa Monnieri contains the active molecules Bacoside A & B. Bacoside A assists in the release of Nitric oxide, that causes the relaxation of the aorta and veins and allows blood to flow more smoothly though the body. Bacoside B is a protein that nourishes the brain cells. Triterpenoid saponins and Bacosides of Bacopa Monnieri play key role for enhancing nerve impulse transmission. Herasaponin present in Bacopa Monnieri exhibits calming sedative action and thus reduce sleeplessness. It supports the nervous system, particularly the hippocampus in the brain, allowing the body to maintain old nerve cells and synthesize new ones more quickly. Bacopa Monnieri helps in repair of damaged neurons by enhancing kinase activity, neuronal synthesis and restoration of synaptic activity and ultimately nerve impulse transmission, thus helps particularly in degenerative disorders of brain.
Biochemically, nervous-system effects of
Bacopa Monnieri have been attributed to an enhancement of the effects of the  neurotransmitters acetylcholine and possibly serotonin or GABA (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid).  

    *Bacopa Monnieri enhances the body’s antioxidant defenses (increases superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities)
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Bacopa Monnieri maintains the structural and functional integrity of the mitochondrial membrane (by inhibiting excessive lipid peroxidation & creatine kinase, improving the activities of ATPases, and maintaining the ionic equilibrium.)
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Bacopa Monnieri protects gastrointestinal health (by raising mucosal defensive factors)[citation needed]
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Bacopa Monnieri has an inhibitory effect against parasites (anti-leishmanial properties)
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Bacopa Monnieri has a demonstrated ability to reverse diazepam-induced amnesia in the Morris water maze test. The mechanism of this action is unknown.

Its, Bacopa Monnieri 's antioxidant properties, reducing oxidation of fats in the bloodstream & brain, interests me.

                                       

Bacopa Monnieri (Close up)                                   Bacopa Monnieri (Plantations)            

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