AMLA / Amalaki / Embelic / Indian gooseberry
Binomial name : Phyllanthus emblica, syn. Emblica officinalis Gaertn
Rich source of Vitamin C. Phyllembin from fruit pulp is identified as ethyl gallate. It has mild depressant action of CNS and spamolytic action. Tannins Polyphenolic compound, Fruits and leaves,1,3,6-trigalloylglucose, Terchebin, Corilagin, Ellagic, Phyllenbic acids, Alkaloids Phyllantidine and Phyllantine.Leaves and stem Lupeol and beta sitosteerol.
Amla is a very rich source of Vitamin C. Its ascorbic acid content ranges from 1100 to1700 mg per 100 grams.
Phyotochemical contents: Iron, calcium, silica, magnesium, Vitamins B12, C & K. Fruit pulp contains moisture 81%, 5% proteins, fat1%, mineral matter 7%, fiber3.4%, carbohydrates 14%, calcium 0.05% and potassium 0.02%, iron 0.5mg/100g, nicotinic acid2mg/100g and vitamin C 600mg/100g. Fresh amla contains about 20 times more vitamin C than orange juice. Friuit is high in pectin & phyllemblin. Dry fruit contains tannins and 3-4 colloidal complexes. Other components are phyllembic acid, lipids, gallic acid, emblicol, mucic acid, ellagic acid, and glucose. Seeds contain a fixed oil, phosphatides, and some essential oil with linolenic, linoleic, oleic, stearic, palmitic, myristic acids, and proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes.
It is useful in ulcerative stomatitis and gastrohelcosis. The bark is useful in gonorrhoea, jaundice, diarrhoea and myalgia. Leaves Useful in treatment of conjuctuvitis, inflammation, dyspepsia, diarrhoea and dysentery. Useful in treatment of diabetes, cough, asthma, bronchitis, cephalalgia, ophthalmopathy, dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, hyperacidity, peptic ulcer, erysipelas, skin diseaes, leprosy, haematemesis, inflammations, anaemia, emaciation, hepatopathy, jaundice, strangury, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhages, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, cardiac disorders, intermittent fevers and greyness of hair!
Applications from Ayurvedic point of view.
Excellent source of Vitamin C. Amalaki has the most concentrated form of
Vitamin C found in the Indian plant kingdom, and when the whole fruit is used rather
than an active ingredient, the Vitamin C is easily assimilated by the human
body. The Vitamin C in the Amalaki fruit is bonded with tannins that protect
it from being destroyed by heat or light. A tannin containing gallic acid,
egallic acid and glucose in its molecule and naturally present in the fruits
prevent the oxidation of vitamin and renders fruit valuable in vitamin C.
Enhances food absorption. The regular use
of Amla can strengthen digestion, absorption and assimilation of food. People
taking it notice that they enjoy the taste of food better. It enhances all
thirteen digestive fires (Agni). But it works more slowly and gently than
ginger or other digestion-enhancing herbs, so it can be taken by people with a
lot of Pitta without fear of creating excess stomach acid. In addition, it
improves assimilation of iron for healthy blood.
Balances stomach acids. Because it improves
digestion but does not heat the body, Amla is ideal for calming mild to
moderate hyperacidity and other Pitta-related digestive problems. It should
always be taken with food in this case.
Fortifies the liver. Amla helps purify the
Rasa Dhatu (nutrient fluid) and Rakta Dhatu (blood), thus supporting the
functions of the liver. It also strengthens the liver, helping it in
eliminating toxins from the body. Research shows that Amalaki helps lower
Nourishes the brain and mental functioning.
Amla is good for the brain. It is medhya - nurturing for the mind and
enhancing coordination among dhi (acquisition), dhriti (retention), and smriti
(recall). It helps sharpen the intellect and mental functioning. It supports
the nervous system and strengthens the senses.
Regulates elimination. Amla tablets pacify
Apana Vata, thus helping with the downward flow of energy in the body. They
keep the function of elimination regular and ease constipation.
Helps the urinary system. Because it
enhances all the thirteen agnis (digestive fires) and supports Apana Vata,
Amla is especially supportive to the urinary system and can be helpful if you
experience a mild burning sensation while urinating. It supports natural
diuretic action, but does not force water from the body like diuretic pills.
In other words, it helps eliminate waste from the body but does not
over-stimulate the urinary system.
Antioxidant activity of amla:
The antioxidant activity of amla resides in tannoids f fruits of plant, which have vitamin C like properties, rather than vitamin C itself. The antioxidant activity of tannoid active principle of amla consisting of emblicanin A (37%), emblicanin B (33%), punigluconin (12%), and pedunculagin (14%), was investigated on the basis of their effects on rat brain frontal cortical and striatal concentrations of oxidative free radical scavenging enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and lipid peroxidation.
Flushes out toxins. Individuals who have
been eating "junk" food for a while tend to have accumulated deposits of
preservatives and additives in the liver. Amla helps support the liver in
flushing out chemicals and additives from the physiology.
Increases vitality. Because it has five
tastes and supports all the doshas and many body functions and cleanses the
blood and the micro-channels of the body, Amla increases energy and removes
fatigue. It supports regeneration of cells-the process by which tired old
cells are replaced by vital, new ones.
Improves muscle tone. Amla enhances protein
synthesis, which is why it is good for strengthening muscles and building lean
muscle mass. Its unique Ayurvedic action offers athletes and body-builders a
natural way to tone muscles and build lean mass.
Central nervous system: it is used as a memory booster. Powder of seeds is used to enhance intellect. Infusion for seeds is used for rejuvenation.
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