AMLA / Amalaki / Embelic / Indian gooseberry

Binomial name : Phyllanthus emblica, syn. Emblica officinalis Gaertn

Chemical Composition

Rich source of Vitamin C. Phyllembin from fruit pulp is identified as ethyl gallate. It has mild depressant action of CNS and spamolytic action. Tannins Polyphenolic compound, Fruits and leaves,1,3,6-trigalloylglucose, Terchebin, Corilagin, Ellagic, Phyllenbic acids, Alkaloids Phyllantidine and Phyllantine.Leaves and stem Lupeol and beta sitosteerol.


Amla is a very rich source of Vitamin C. Its ascorbic acid content ranges from 1100 to1700 mg per 100 grams.

Phyotochemical contents: Iron, calcium, silica, magnesium, Vitamins B12, C & K. Fruit pulp contains moisture 81%, 5% proteins, fat1%, mineral matter 7%, fiber3.4%, carbohydrates 14%, calcium 0.05% and potassium 0.02%, iron 0.5mg/100g, nicotinic acid2mg/100g and vitamin C 600mg/100g. Fresh amla contains about 20 times more vitamin C than orange juice. Friuit is high in pectin & phyllemblin. Dry fruit contains tannins and 3-4 colloidal complexes. Other components are phyllembic acid, lipids, gallic acid, emblicol, mucic acid, ellagic acid, and glucose. Seeds contain a fixed oil, phosphatides, and some essential oil with linolenic, linoleic, oleic, stearic, palmitic, myristic acids, and proteolytic and lipolytic enzymes.

It is useful in ulcerative stomatitis and gastrohelcosis. The bark is useful in gonorrhoea, jaundice, diarrhoea and myalgia. Leaves Useful in treatment of conjuctuvitis, inflammation, dyspepsia, diarrhoea and dysentery. Useful in treatment of diabetes, cough, asthma, bronchitis, cephalalgia, ophthalmopathy, dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, hyperacidity, peptic ulcer, erysipelas, skin diseaes, leprosy, haematemesis, inflammations, anaemia, emaciation, hepatopathy, jaundice, strangury, diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhages, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, cardiac disorders, intermittent fevers and greyness of hair!

Applications from Ayurvedic point of view.

  1. Excellent source of Vitamin C. Amalaki has the most concentrated form of Vitamin C found in the Indian plant kingdom, and when the whole fruit is used rather than an active ingredient, the Vitamin C is easily assimilated by the human body. The Vitamin C in the Amalaki fruit is bonded with tannins that protect it from being destroyed by heat or light. A tannin containing gallic acid, egallic acid and glucose in its molecule and naturally present in the fruits prevent the oxidation of vitamin and renders fruit valuable in vitamin C.

  2. Enhances food absorption. The regular use of Amla can strengthen digestion, absorption and assimilation of food. People taking it notice that they enjoy the taste of food better. It enhances all thirteen digestive fires (Agni). But it works more slowly and gently than ginger or other digestion-enhancing herbs, so it can be taken by people with a lot of Pitta without fear of creating excess stomach acid. In addition, it improves assimilation of iron for healthy blood.

  3. Balances stomach acids. Because it improves digestion but does not heat the body, Amla is ideal for calming mild to moderate hyperacidity and other Pitta-related digestive problems. It should always be taken with food in this case.

  4. Fortifies the liver. Amla helps purify the Rasa Dhatu (nutrient fluid) and Rakta Dhatu (blood), thus supporting the functions of the liver. It also strengthens the liver, helping it in eliminating toxins from the body. Research shows that Amalaki helps lower cholesterol.

  5. Nourishes the brain and mental functioning. Amla is good for the brain. It is medhya - nurturing for the mind and enhancing coordination among dhi (acquisition), dhriti (retention), and smriti (recall). It helps sharpen the intellect and mental functioning. It supports the nervous system and strengthens the senses.

  6. Regulates elimination. Amla tablets pacify Apana Vata, thus helping with the downward flow of energy in the body. They keep the function of elimination regular and ease constipation.

  7. Helps the urinary system. Because it enhances all the thirteen agnis (digestive fires) and supports Apana Vata, Amla is especially supportive to the urinary system and can be helpful if you experience a mild burning sensation while urinating. It supports natural diuretic action, but does not force water from the body like diuretic pills. In other words, it helps eliminate waste from the body but does not over-stimulate the urinary system.

  8. Antioxidant activity of amla:
    The antioxidant activity of amla resides in tannoids f fruits of plant, which have vitamin C like properties, rather than vitamin C itself. The antioxidant activity of tannoid active principle of amla consisting of emblicanin A (37%), emblicanin B (33%), punigluconin (12%), and pedunculagin (14%), was investigated on the basis of their effects on rat brain frontal cortical and striatal concentrations of oxidative free radical scavenging enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and lipid peroxidation.

  9. Flushes out toxins. Individuals who have been eating "junk" food for a while tend to have accumulated deposits of preservatives and additives in the liver. Amla helps support the liver in flushing out chemicals and additives from the physiology.

  10. Increases vitality. Because it has five tastes and supports all the doshas and many body functions and cleanses the blood and the micro-channels of the body, Amla increases energy and removes fatigue. It supports regeneration of cells-the process by which tired old cells are replaced by vital, new ones.

  11. Improves muscle tone. Amla enhances protein synthesis, which is why it is good for strengthening muscles and building lean muscle mass. Its unique Ayurvedic action offers athletes and body-builders a natural way to tone muscles and build lean mass.

  12. Central nervous system: it is used as a memory booster. Powder of seeds is used to enhance intellect. Infusion for seeds is used for rejuvenation. a strong immunity booster. The Amla seedís infusion is a tonic and is used in general debility. It is known to improve immunity of the body and helps to control infection. The plant as a whole promotes resistance towards illness and counteracts infection. It is a potent anti-inflammatory herb and is used in piles, gastritis, colitis etc. Emblica Officinalis strengthened the defense mechanisms against free radical damage induced during stress. The effect of Emblica Officinalis appeared to depend on the ability of target tissues to synthesize prostaglandins.


                                                                      Emblica officinalis

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